Map of Lima, Peru in 1750

by Paul Knight. Average Reading Time: less than a minute.

I know this is not the USA, but it is our southern continental neighbor. During a perusal of the internet I stumbled across this beautiful map of Lima, Peru, from 1750. Interestingly, I found it within Wikipedia’s entry on the Garden city movement which reads: “Peru’s modern capital, Lima, was designed as a garden city in 1535 by Spanish Conquistadors to replace its ancient past as a religious sanctuary with 37 pyramids.”

People today do not associate rigid grids with garden cities I am sure. Is anyone aware of garden cities from Ebenezer Howard’s era that rely solely on the orthogonal grid?
Does anyone know why Peru (and especially Argentina) features the grid so abundantly? If you do, please let me know!

2 comments on ‘Map of Lima, Peru in 1750’

  1. Sergio Sanabria says:

    Spanish king Philip II’s Law of the Indies, expanded in the 17th and 18th centuries, established strict rules for the establishment of new towns in the New World and the Philipines (named after Philip). A Vitruvian, or better, Roman castrum grid was the basis for other prescriptions about a central plaza and the location of City Hall facing it, among other things.

    • Paul Knight says:

      Thanks Sergio. What about the 19th, 20th, and 21st centuries? Looking around Argentina on Google Maps I can see numerous recent developments using the strict grid pattern. Is the grid codified in their development regulations? Or is it simply a cultural norm?

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